Japan, Philippines each with axe to grind in first air-to-air drill

                        日菲首次空空演練各有所圖

                        Source
                        China Military Online
                        Editor
                        Huang Panyue
                        Time
                        2021-07-16 18:42:56

                        隋長權
                        By Sui Changquan

                        開展卸載訓練
                        Carrying out unloading training
                        ?
                        近日,日本駐菲律賓大使館發表聲明稱,7月5日至8日,日本航空自衛隊與菲律賓空軍在菲律賓克拉克空軍基地舉行首次空空演練,這是雙方防務合作的“重要里程碑”。

                        Recently, the Japanese Embassy in the Philippines stated that the first air-to-air drill between Japan Air Self-Defense Force(JASDF) and the Philippine Air Force at Clark Air Base in the Philippines from July 5th to 8th was a"major milestone" in the defense cooperation between the two air forces.

                        演練無新意

                        Nothing new in the exercise

                        歷時4天的演練以人道主義救援和災難援助為課題展開,參演兵力為日本航空自衛隊1架C-130H運輸機及其所屬人員,以及菲律賓空軍部分人員。

                        The four-day drill was concentrated on humanitarian rescue and disaster relief.

                        受此前菲律賓空軍C-130運輸機墜機事件的影響,演練取消了飛行訓練課目,只進行諸如強負載/卸載訓練和模擬應急程序等地面課目演練。日本方面聲稱,該演練旨在加強緊急情況下向偏遠地區受災民眾運送救援物資的互操作性。

                        Affected by the previous crash of C-130 transport aircraft of the Philippine Air Force, the drill canceled flight training courses and only carries out ground-based exercises on heavy load and unload training, simulated emergency procedures, etc. Japan claimed that the drill aimed to strengthen the interoperability of delivering relief supplies to disaster-stricken people in remote areas in emergencies.

                        演練開始前,日本航空自衛隊聲稱“基于兩國都易受地震、臺風等自然災害的影響,日本愿與菲律賓空軍分享向災民運送救援物資方面的經驗與知識”。

                        然而,相較于日本駐菲大使館聲稱的“雙方防務合作的重要里程碑”而言,此次參演兵力、裝備數量和演練課目的單調,著實讓人覺得“寒酸”。

                        Before the drill, the JASDF stated that since both countries are vulnerable to natural disasters such as earthquakes and typhoons, Japan is willing to share with the Philippine Air Force its experience and expertise in delivering relief supplies to victims.

                        However, compared to the "important milestone in the defense cooperation between the two sides" claimed by the Japanese Embassy in the Philippines, the number of the troops, equipment and training courses involved in the exercise are really limited, showing a sense of stinginess.

                        今年是日菲建交65周年和戰略伙伴關系確立10周年,選擇在此時間節點舉行突破性意義的軍事演練,日本的戰略意圖顯而易見:強化日菲安保合作,為日本推動“印太戰略”,爭奪地區主導權壯大聲勢。

                        This year marks the 65th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Japan and the Philippines, and the 10th anniversary of the establishment of a strategic partnership between the two sides.

                        It is obvious to see Japan’s strategic intentions as it chooses to hold the military drill with ground breaking significance at this time, which are to improve Japan-Philippines security cooperation, strengthen its momentum to push forward the "Indo-Pacific strategy" and compete for regional dominance.

                        雙方心思各異

                        Two sides, two thoughts

                        就日本而言,菲律賓具有十分重要的地緣戰略價值,既是扼控日本“海上生命線”——西南航線末段的重要關卡,也是日本推動“印太戰略”的重要戰略支點。同時,菲律賓是日本防衛裝備的主要出口國之一。

                        此外,以災難救援、聯合演練等行動為借口,是日本突破和平憲法限制,實現軍事力量海外運用的慣用伎倆。此次演練,日本同樣試圖通過展示自衛隊實力,擴大地區影響力。

                        As far as Japan is concerned, the Philippines has critical geostrategic value as it is not only an important checkpoint controlling Japan's "maritime lifeline" at the end of the southwest route, but also an essential strategic pivot for Japan to promote the "Indo-Pacific strategy". Meanwhile, the Philippines is also one of the major exporters of Japanese defense equipment.

                        In addition, it is Japan’s usual tactic to break through the restrictions of the peace constitution and use its military power in overseas countries with an excuse of disaster relief and joint exercises. Through this drill, Japan also intends to expand its regional influence by demonstrating its force.

                        對菲律賓來說,在大國之間尋求戰略平衡是其既定策略。尤其是在當前大國競爭日益激烈的形勢下,菲律賓試圖利用自身優勢,周旋于大國之間,力求國家利益的最大化。

                        菲律賓通過加強與日本防務合作,借機推進與日本的經濟合作,謀求日本加大對菲軍事和經濟援助,以穩定目前菲國內政治和經濟的動蕩。

                        For the Philippines, its established strategy is to seek a strategic balance among major powers. Especially in the current situation of increasingly fierce competition among major powers, the Philippines is trying to use its own advantages to deal with the major powers and strive to maximize its national interests.

                        By strengthening its defense cooperation with Japan, the Philippines has taken the opportunity to advance economic cooperation with Japan, asking Japan to increase its military and economic assistance to the Philippines to stabilize the current domestic political and economic turmoil in the country.

                        不難看出,日菲雙邊空空演練雖取得了防務合作的新進展,但實際上雙方的利益并不一致。

                        日本更多著眼于軍事和安全層面,企圖以菲律賓作為其推行“印太戰略”的支點。而菲律賓則希望以此獲得日本更多的援助。這使得該演練的象征意義大于實質效果。

                        It’s easy to find that although Japan-Philippines air-to-air drill has made new progress in defense cooperation, the interests of the two sides are not consistent in fact.

                        Japan focuses more on the military and security aspects trying to use the Philippines as the pivot for its "Indo-Pacific strategy", whereas the Philippines hopes to gain more aid from Japan,which makes the drill more symbolic than substantial.

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